The roof has several layers, and the top layer is a membrane that helps combat leaks and is designed to resist wind. If the membrane is torn or there are dings or holes in this layer, water can seep into the roof decking and even the attic. This can cause rot and cause the roof to collapse. 

Shingles are made to withstand winds up to 110 miles per hour. If you see missing, loose, or dented shingles, this can indicate the shingles have been damaged.  

The metal flashing (metal strips that are used to cover the grooved edges of the roofing materials) can also be destroyed. Typically, these metal flaps are folded over the roof's edge and tucked into the shingle grooves.

If you are unsure about the possible roof damages after a natural disaster, this article will help you learn more.

1. Damage Caused by Falling Debris

Sometimes a storm will send tree branches or other flawed pieces of wood onto your roof. While not all of them will cause issues, those large items will. If this happens, you probably will need to call a professional roofer to inspect for damages. You can then file an insurance claim for these damages.

Signs of Damage:

  • Missing shingles
  • Cracked shingles 
  • Visible debris on the roof
  • A pile of granules at the end of your downspout

2. Damage Caused by Wind

One of the most frequent problems for older roofs is that high gusts can blow shingles off. Missing shingles will allow rain to leak into the house and cause damage to the ceiling and walls. 

Another type of wind damage can cause loose or missing roof sheathing or flashing. In this case, the rain will get into the roof and cause damage even if the roof covering is intact. 

Roofs with storm and turbine venting often require different types of roofing to compensate for high wind areas. If you are living in this area and have had problems with your roof, it's essential to compare the coverage offered by various manufacturers and make sure you choose shingles based on their warranty in high winds. 

If the wind caused damage, you should file a claim with your insurance company.

Signs of Damage:

  • Missing shingles
  • Broken shingle seal
  • Shingle flapping in the wind 
  • Thin horizontal lines that run beneath the shingles

3. Damage Caused by Hail

Hail is often associated with widespread storms and is not an isolated event, typically affecting a whole neighborhood. The dents left on a shingle from a hailstone may not be what you think is going on. If the hailstone bruises the shingle, it can cause the shingle to crack, allowing water to penetrate over time. 

It would be best if you hire a professional roofing contractor to help you determine the scope of the damage. You also need to file an insurance claim if your hailstorm has significant damage. Use your best judgment when choosing a contractor. 

Signs of Damage:

  • Dents on the side near and around the house 
  • Particular patterns of divots on the edges of the shingles
  • Indentations in the shingle where shingles should be


Depending on the extent of the damage, the repair can be pretty complicated, and improper maintenance can cause further damage. Perhaps the most vigilant thing you can do to keep your roof from damage is to inspect it annually. However, it is not recommended that you repair the damage yourself.

If you see roof damage or need an inspection, please call us as soon as possible to arrange an appointment. To Serve Contracting is the best roofing company in Los Angeles. We can help with roofing installation services, including roof repair, replacement, storm damage restoration, and more!